The latest generation of cameras can take amazing shots, but they are better than dedicated cameras because they give users more functionality. Especially on mobile phones, there needs to be more exposure. However, only some realize this and are happy with the results. Some enthusiasts cannot be satisfied and check what needs to be added.

Suppose you are seeking a good camera to buy, and most people considering buying a camera do not know much about cameras, most probably beginners, or even if you have owned a camera. In that case, it is worth checking out recommendations. There are so many camera options to buy, and choosing the perfect one can be very hard. There are a lot of cameras on the market, and they all have their strengths and weaknesses. First, we must have some self-awareness and determine the purpose of using the camera.

How to Pick the Right Camera for Photography or Videos

How do you pick the right camera for each situation?

It is important to choose the type of camera you are looking for. There are many formats, features, and budgets to consider. There are primarily three types of cameras: point-and-shoot, DSLRs, and mirrorless cameras, each with different highlights and limitations.

Depending on your preferences, you can choose the type of camera and its advanced functionality. Smartphone photography has also grown significantly. Now, devices offer multiple camera setups with dedicated scenes and modes. AI also enhances photography further, but smartphone cameras have fixed focal lenses.

Camera Controls

Photography has a few fundamentals, like exposure, aperture, and sensitivity.

  • Exposure: how long the shutter is open. Fast exposure is used to freeze the moment or reduce blur, while slow exposure captures better pictures when the lighting is not good.
  • Aperture: how wide the shutter is open. A small aperture allows less light but provides greater depth of field.
  • Sensitivity: how sensitive the film or digital sensor is to light. Most modern digital cameras have a range from 1 to 1200 ISO.

Camera Sensor

Lastly, the sensor captures the image, as it is a chip with light-sensitive photo sites. Everything you record is stored on your camera’s memory cards, and the sensor is usually measured in megapixels, or millions of pixels, which is one of the most important things to remember. The higher the pixel count, the better the image quality would be. However, it does depend on various factors, like the quality of the lens, stabilization, and software.

The bigger the sensor, the better the low-light performance and the less noise it has. Furthermore, a bigger sensor provides more control over the depth of field, which helps with a blurred background.


How do you pick the right camera for each situation?

The bigger the megapixel count, the better. However, there is one more thing that matters the most, and that is the sensor size. Always check for the sensor size. DSLRs come with APS-C, or Full-Frame Sensors, which perform better than higher pixel counts on point-and-shoot cameras. In addition, check for cameras with at least five frames per second (fps).


It is also important that the camera you carry is comfortable for you to carry. Cameras should offer quick accessibility to the most commonly used functions, and the menu should be well-structured, logical, and easy to learn.

Interchangeable Lens

Lenses are also important, as swapping lenses gives users more options. DSLRs and mirrorless cameras also come with basic kit lenses. Lenses help users with compactness and convenience, offering various lens options and changing perspectives. However, these lenses do not offer cross-brand compatibility. With a third-party adapter, you can achieve compatibility, but it may compromise some performance. Some companies manufacture cameras for popular brands that you can mount on your camera.

Image Stabilization

It helps reduce blur and shifting in elements within the lens. It is quite useful for long-zoom lenses without the need to hold steady. This is often called in-body stabilization, or IBIS, which physically moves the sensor to respond to vibration.


There are optical and electronic viewfinders necessary in bright sunlight when the LCD screen may not be visible. DSLRs feature optical viewfinders, whereas mirrorless cameras use electronic viewfinders. EVFs are tiny LCD screens with an eyecup that require more battery power than optical viewfinders.


You need to check the specifications if you are looking for video recording capabilities. Normally, 24 to 30 fps is considered good. Most cameras can record 4K Ultra HD, preferably at least 60 fps for smooth playback or slow motion. You need to check not only for the video recording capabilities but also for the stabilization it offers.

How to choose the perfect camera
How to choose the perfect camera

Shooting Mode

Point-and-shoot cameras come with a lot of modes, whereas high-end cameras have only a few that offer more control over your images with manual exposure modes. This includes auto-modes and other controls.


Other things to consider include whether you prefer JPEG or Raw. Most cameras shoot in JPEG by default, while RAW needs to be enabled. Raw offers full information, which can be quite useful for post-production. Furthermore, most modern cameras have Wi-Fi capabilities, which help pair with devices for transferring images. Lastly, if you plan to take shots outdoors, consider weatherproofing, dustproofing, and shockproofing for your camera body and the lens. Moreover, it would be best to consider what you want from the camera, such as quick autofocus, long battery life, more storage, no lag, a large sensor, and other accessories.


Now it comes to what kind of photographer you are. Most of us carry a decent camera in the form of a smartphone. This does have several benefits over a smartphone. Even the prices of new cameras vary from affordable to quite expensive, depending on the brands and models of each tier. You should feature a camera to have these.

  • Compact
  • Affordable
  • Easy to use
  • An advanced model with a long zoom
  • Larger sensor
  • Full manual controls

You can find point-and-shoot cameras starting at $100 to $200. However, they typically do not offer similar image quality that is noticeably better than owning a smartphone camera. On the other hand, full-fledged cameras have a much larger sensor but must also be set up with the body, lens, brain, and other things accordingly.

Furthermore, you can also consider an action cam, which allows you to mount it wherever you like, such as on handlebars, helmets, car dashboards, and even your pets. Most action cameras can shoot good-quality 4K video via their fixed focal length wide-angle lens.

Mirrorless Camera

Moving to the advanced level, you have a mirrorless camera setup for more creative work, which works way faster. Unlike DSLRs, mirrorless cameras do not come with a mirror, meaning they do not have an optical viewfinder. Instead, there is a live-view mode. All these features come at a hefty cost. It normally starts at $500.


This is similar to the mirrorless camera but does not offer similar speed. However, it offers better image quality thanks to its higher sensor. In addition to this, there is also better battery life, but compared to a mirrorless camera, it is heavier and bigger.

How do you pick the right camera for each situation?

Lastly, it comes down to the price based on your budget and requirements. You can choose either a point-and-shoot, DSLR, or mirrorless camera. Consider buying the point-and-shoot if you care about taking quick shots, while the DSLR is for higher-quality images with better battery life. On the other hand, a mirrorless camera is for those who want a faster-shooting camera.

Many people want a portable device they can easily take anywhere. In this case, you can use your smartphone camera. For those who are travel photographers and require a lightweight and portable device to carry which provides a little more depth of field compared to your smartphone camera, there are great options such as the Sony RX100 Mark 4, Canon’s G7 X Mark 2, and Lumix LX100 Mark 2. Not to mention, these cameras are more powerful than your smartphone camera and cost around $1000. They can shoot raw footage and record 4K sharp videos.

They offer a bigger sensor, which means they are better than what your smartphone camera can do. They also feature an EVF (electronic viewfinder) that shows you a real-time image when you hit the shutter button. The only drawback is that you can’t attach any other lens to them; you must stick with the default lens.

Now, let’s talk about professional photographers. They use mirrorless and DSLR cameras, which are more advanced than what we discussed previously. The camera body alone costs at least $2000, and a good lens costs around $1000. Many professional photographers use the Canon 5D Mark 3, and many photographers use the Sony A7s Mark 2 for night photography. Because the 5D doesn’t perform well at night compared to during the day, the A7s Mark 2 is a better option for low-light conditions.

Additionally, the A7s features an EVF (Electronic Viewfinder), which makes night photography possible. Please tell us your choice and what matters most to you! Share your thoughts in the comment section below.There are many e-commerce and offline stores where you can buy the camera. It would be best if you also considered learning photography skills online and through online courses.