A full-stack developer is a highly sought-after profession that offers numerous growth opportunities, a competitive salary, and various other benefits. While it was not as well-known in the past, the growth of the software industry and the increasing prevalence of technology have led to a surge in popularity for this profession.

However, as it is a skill-based job, it is necessary to acquire certain prerequisites in order to succeed. If you are interested in becoming an expert full-stack developer, you may be wondering where to begin. This article will outline pathways to becoming a full-stack developer in 2023.

Roadmap to becoming a full stack developer in 2023

If you are aspiring to become a full-stack web developer in 2023, the following roadmap and resources can assist you in achieving this goal. It is important to first understand the role of a full-stack web developer, which involves the ability to develop both client-side and server-side software using a range of coding skills, including databases and potentially graphic design. The following guidelines and resources can help you on your journey to becoming a full-stack web developer in 2023:

There are several full-stack development stacks that can be used for web development, such as MERN (MongoDB, Express, React, Node), MEAN (MongoDB, Express, Angular, Node), MEVN (MongoDB, Express, Vue, Node), and LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP/Perl/Python). This guide will focus on the MERN stack, which is a popular choice with numerous job opportunities.

The MERN stack comprises four leading technologies: Express and Node for the middle (application) tier, React for the front-end, and MongoDB for the database. Express.js is a server-side web framework, and Node.js is a powerful JavaScript server platform. Together, these technologies allow developers to build full-stack web applications from front to back.


To begin your journey as a full-stack web developer, it is recommended that you start with HTML and CSS. These technologies form the foundation of the web, with HTML used for constructing the structure of web pages and CSS used for styling and layout. The following link provides a free course that can help you learn these technologies comprehensively


Once you have a strong understanding of HTML and CSS, it is recommended that you progress to learning JavaScript. It is crucial to ensure that you fully grasp the fundamental concepts of JavaScript, as it plays a vital role in the MERN stack and web development in general.

React (JSX)

With a solid foundation in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, you are now ready to utilize your knowledge to build the front-end of web applications. React is a popular JavaScript framework that is often used for this purpose. The following link will introduce you to the concepts and features of React, enabling you to create dynamic and interactive user interfaces for your web applications:


With a strong understanding of React and front-end development, it is time to learn about APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). An API is a connection between the front-end of your web application and the back-end, allowing the front and back-end to communicate and exchange data, enabling the web application to function properly.

Node and Express

Now that you have a solid foundation in front-end development and have learned about APIs, it is time to focus on building the back-end of your web application. To achieve this, you can utilize the technologies of Node and Express. With these technologies, you can create the back-end of your application and handle application logic, such as server-side routing, data manipulation, and more.


Now that you have a solid foundation in front-end development, back-end development, and APIs, it is time to learn about databases. MongoDB is a popular choice for web development, as it is a document-based, no-SQL database. The following link provides a comprehensive introduction to MongoDB and how to use it in your web development projects

Congratulations on completing the front-end, back-end, and database aspects of the MERN stack! However, there is always more to learn and improve upon in the field of web development. Therefore, it is important to continue learning and developing your skills.


As a full-stack web developer, learning about cloud platforms can be beneficial, even if it is just a basic understanding. Cloud platforms are powerful tools that allow developers to build, deploy, and scale applications quickly and efficiently. There are several cloud platforms available, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP).

Gaining knowledge about the cloud and how to utilize it in your development projects can give you an advantage in the job market and enable you to deliver high-quality, scalable applications to your clients or users. Even if you only have a basic understanding of the cloud, this knowledge can be beneficial in your development projects.

CSS Framework

CSS is a powerful tool for styling and layout in web development, but using vanilla CSS can be time-consuming and challenging in modern web development. A CSS framework is a pre-designed set of CSS styles and components that can be used to quickly build custom user interfaces. One example of a CSS framework is Tailwind CSS, which is a utility-first CSS framework that enables developers to rapidly build custom user interfaces.

Version control and Git

Git is an essential tool in the field of computer programming. It enables developers to manage multiple versions of source code edits and transfer them to files in a Git repository. Git is widely used in the software development industry, and it is important for developers to have a solid understanding of how it works. The following link provides a comprehensive introduction to Git.

In addition to learning about Git and other development technologies, it is essential to put your skills into practice by building coding projects. This is the most effective way to improve your programming abilities and gain real-world experience. As you create more projects, you will become more proficient in your skills and be well-prepared for a career as a full-stack web developer.

To conclude, this guide provides a quick overview of where to begin and what to learn in order to become a full-stack web developer. While we have focused on the MERN stack (which is a popular and emerging stack), it is important to note that there are other stacks available as well. If you have any further questions, feel free to reach out below.